In the turmoil of the Russian insurrection of 1905 and civil war of 1917, the anarchists attempted to carry out their program of âdirect actionââworkersâ control of production, the creation of free rural and urban communes, and partisan warfare against the enemies of a free society.
Avrich consulted published material in five languages and anarchist archives worldwide to present a picture of the philosophers, bomb throwers, peasants, and soldiers who fought and died for the freedom of âMother Russia.â Including the influence and ideas of Bakunin and Kropotkin, the armed uprisings of Makhno, the activities of Volin, Maximoff, and the attempted aid of Berkman and Emma Goldman.
Paul Avrich is a retired professor of history at Queens College.
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